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Amman, Jordan

Introduction

 

Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, and the country’s economic, political and cultural centre. Situated in north-central Jordan, Amman is the administrative centre of the Amman Governorate. The city has a population of 4,007,526 and a land area of (1,680 square kilometres/648.7 square miles). Today, Amman is considered to be among the most liberal and westernized Arab cities.

 

History

 

In the outskirts of Amman, one of the largest known ancient settlements in the Near East was discovered. The site, known as ‘Ain Ghazal which is situated on a valley-side, dates back to 7250 BC and spans an area of (15 hectares/37 acres). It was a typical average sized aceramic Neolithic village that accommodated around 3,000 inhabitants. Its houses were rectangular mud-bricked buildings that included a main square living room, whose walls were made up of lime plaster. The site was discovered in 1974 as construction workers were working on a road crossing the area. By 1982 when the excavations started, around (600 meters/2,000 feet) of road ran through the site. In the 630s, the Rashidun army conquered the region from the Byzantines, beginning the Islamic era in the Levant. Philadelphia was renamed “Amman” by the Muslims and became part of the district of Jund al-Urdunn. A large part of the population already spoke Arabic, which facilitated integration into the caliphate, as well as several conversions to Islam.

 

Economy

 

The banking sector is one of the principal foundations of Jordan’s economy. Despite the unrest and economic difficulties in the Arab world resulting from the Arab Spring uprisings, Jordan’s banking sector maintained its growth in 2014. The sector currently consists of 25 banks, 15 of which are listed on the Amman Stock Exchange. Amman is the base city for the international Arab Bank, one of the largest financial institutions in the Middle East, serving clients in more than 500 branches in 30 countries on five continents. Arab Bank represents 28% of the Amman Stock Exchange and is the highest-ranked institution by market capitalization on the exchange.

 

Places to visit

 

The Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts is a major contemporary art museum located in Amman, Jordan. The Official inauguration of the Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts was held under the patronage of His Majesty the late King Hussein and Her Majesty Queen Noor Al Hussein and was Established in 1980 by the Royal Society of Fine Arts, the museum’s permanent collection  comprises over 1800 works including paintings, prints, sculptures, prints, sculptures, photographs, installations, weavings, and ceramics by more than 700 artists from 59 countries mainly in Asia and Africa.

Temple of Hercules is a historic site in the Amman Citadel in Amman, Jordan. It was built in the same period as the Roman amphitheater below between (162-166) AD. It is thought to be the most significant Roman structure in the Amman Citadel, according to an inscription the temple was built when Geminius Marcianus was governor of the Province of Arabia.

 

Things to do

 

Abdali, a section of downtown Amman, is being transformed into a modern center for tourists and natives alike. The plan includes a broad pedestrian boulevard where visitors can shop, eat, or do numerous other activities.

It is highly advisable to see the sunset from the view point near the Citadel. But pay also your attention to the time of the muezzin call. If you listen to it from the view point, where the whole city lies before you, you get the unforgettable acoustic impression.

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