Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located (28 metres/92 ft) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. At the beginning of 2009, Baku’s urban population was estimated at just over two million people. Officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku’s metropolitan area.
Around 100,000 years ago, the territory of modern Baku and Absheron was savanna with rich flora. Traces of human settlement go back to the Stone age. From the Bronze age there have been rock carvings discovered near Bayil, and a bronze figure of a small fish discovered in the territory of the Old City. In 1917, after the October revolution and amidst the turmoil of World War I and the breakup of the Russian Empire, Baku came under the control of the Baku Commune, which was led by veteran Bolshevik Stepan Shahumyan. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Baku embarked on a process of restructuring on a scale unseen in its history.
Baku’s largest industry is petroleum, and its petroleum exports make it a large contributor to Azerbaijan’s balance of payments. The existence of petroleum has been known since the 8th century. In the 10th century, the Arabian traveler, Marudee, reported that both white and black oil were being extracted naturally from Baku. By the 15th century, oil for lamps was obtained from hand-dug surface wells. Commercial exploitation began in 1872, and by the beginning of the 20th century the Baku oil fields were the largest in the world.
Places to visit
The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan is the largest museum in Azerbaijan, located in Baku, in the former mansion of Azerbaijani oil magnate and philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev. It was founded in 1920.
The Akhundov Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater known as the Mailov Theatre is an opera house in Baku, Azerbaijan. It was built in 1911.
Flame Towers is a trio of skyscrapers in Baku, Azerbaijan, including the tallest in the country, with a height of (182 m/597 ft). There are some taller towers in Baku, but they do not have rooms inside all the way up, so are not considered skyscrapers.
Things to do
Baku Entertainment Center. Baku Entertainment center has been around for more than half a decade. It has a shopping center, bowling alley certified by AMF, health club, conference venue with a capacity of 350 people.
AF Beach Club, Novkhani. This complex has 5 swimming pools, fast food, restaurant with cooks from Azerbaijan and Europe, Disco, Game Hall, Wi-Fi, Water Sports, Beach Football, Entertainments, Professional Animation Team .