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Kiev, Ukraine

Introduction

 

Kiev is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River. The population in July 2015 was 2,887,974, making Kiev the 7th most populous city in Europe.

 

History

 

Kiev is one of the oldest cities of Eastern Europe and has played a pivotal role in the development of the medieval East Slavic civilization as well as in the modern Ukrainian nation. In the early 1320s, a Lithuanian army led by Gediminas defeated a Slavic army led by Stanislav of Kiev at the Battle on the Irpen’ River, and conquered the city. The Tatars, who also claimed Kiev, retaliated in 1324–1325, so while Kiev was ruled by a Lithuanian prince, it had to pay a tribute to the Golden Horde. Kiev recovered economically in the post-war years, becoming once again the third most important city of the Soviet Union. The catastrophic accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986 occurred only (100 km/62 mi) north of the city. However, the prevailing northward winds blew most of the radioactive debris away from the city.

 

Economy

 

As with most capital cities, Kiev is a major administrative, cultural and scientific centre of the country. It is the largest city in Ukraine in terms of both population and area and enjoys the highest levels of business activity. On 1 January 2010 there were around 238,000 business entities registered in Kiev. Its unemployment rate has historically been relatively low – only 3.75% over 2005–2008. Indeed, even as the rate of joblessness jumped to 7.1% in 2009, it remained far below the national average of 9.6%. The average monthly net salary in Kiev reached €300 as of 2017.

 

Places to visit

 

The National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the Second World War is a memorial complex commemorating the German-Soviet War located in the southern outskirts of the Pechersk district of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine, on the picturesque hills on the right-bank of the Dnieper River.

The Golden Gates of Kiev was the main gate in the 11th century fortifications of Kiev, the capital of Kievan Rus’. It was named in imitation of the Golden Gate of Constantinople. The structure was dismantled in the Middle Ages, leaving few vestiges of its existence.

 

Places to visit

 

Catch the metro to Hidropark island in the Dnipro river. Keiv is endowed with natural city beaches that line the Dnipro. Many a summer day can be spent in the parks and on the beaches of the islands, where you can play beach volleyball, swim in the river or in the pools on the island, or just soak up the sun.

Dream Town Aqua park- It is located on the left bank of the city, in Dream Town shopping mall. It is considered the one of the biggest indoor water parks in Europe, with an area of 24 thousand square meters. It has 14 different level of extreme slides, 2 wave pools, 3 current rivers, lagoon akvabarom 55 seats, jacuzzi, swimming pool for water polo, children’s area of approximately 3000 square meters, which shows the water and land rides for children, table tennis.

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