Kolkata is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India’s oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. In 2011, the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the population of the city and its suburbs was 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India.
Kolkata’s history began in 1690 with the arrival of the English East India Company, which was consolidating its trade business in Bengal. Job Charnock, an administrator who worked for the company, was formerly credited as the founder of the city. In response to a public petition, the Calcutta High Court ruled in 2003 that the city does not have a founder. The area occupied by the present-day city encompassed three villages are Kalikata, Gobindapur, and Sutanuti.
Flexible production has been the norm in Kolkata, which has an informal sector that employs more than 40% of the labour force. One unorganised group, roadside hawkers, generated business worth ₹ 8,772 crore (US$ 2 billion) in 2005. As of 2001, around 0.81% of the city’s workforce was employed in the primary sector agriculture, forestry, and mining 15.49% worked in the secondary sector industrial and manufacturing and 83.69% worked in the tertiary sector. The majority of households in slums were engaged in occupations belonging to the informal sector; 36.5% were involved in servicing the urban middle class as maids, and drivers and 22.2% were casual labourers.:11 About 34% of the available labour force in Kolkata slums were unemployed.
Places to visit
Fort William, the massive and impregnable British Citadel built in 1773. The fort is still in use and retains its well-guarded grandeur.
Chowringee, is the Market place of Kolkata. You will find shops ranging from Computer Periferals to cloth merchants. Even tailors and a few famous Movie theaters too.
Shobhabajar Rajbari the ancestral house of Raja Naba Krishna, one of the rich locals to side with Clive during his war with Nabab Siraj-Ud-Daula.
Things to do
Nandan. The symbol of art and culture in the city and the site of the Kolkata Film Festival every November.
Kolkata Book Fair, takes place from the last week of January to the first week of February. This is the largest book fair in Asia and is a major event in the city.
Durga Puja, a festival honoring the Hindu goddess Durga, takes place in October. The biggest festival for Hindus in Bengal and Eastern India, Kolkata takes on and it’s almost like a carnival.