Nanjing, also known as Nanking and Nankin, is a city situated in the heartland of the lower Yangtze River region in China, which has long been a major centre of culture, education, research, politics, economy, transport networks and tourism.
Archaeological discovery shows that “Nanjing Man” lived in more than 500 thousand years ago. Zun, a kind of wine vessel, was found to exist in Beiyinyangying culture of Nanjing in about 5000 years ago. In the late period of Shang dynasty, Taibo of Zhou came to Jiangnan and established Wu state, and the first stop is in Nanjing area according to some historians based on discoveries in Taowu and Hushu culture. Nanjing first became a state capital in 229 CE, when the state of Eastern Wu founded by Sun Quan during the Three Kingdoms period relocated its capital to Jianye, the city extended on the basis of Jinling Yi in 211 CE.
In recent years, Nanjing has been developing its economy, commerce, industry, as well as city construction. In 2013 the city’s GDP was RMB 801 billion (3rd in Jiangsu), and GDP per capita was RMB 98,174(US$16041), a 11 percent increase from 2012. The average urban resident’s disposable income was RMB 36,200, while the average rural resident’s net income was RMB 14,513. The registered urban unemployment rate was 3.02%, lower than the national average 4.3%. Nanjing’s GDP ranked 12th in 2013 in China, and its overall competence ranked 6th in mainland and 8th including Taiwan and Hong Kong in 2009.
Places to visit
Qin Huai River. Qin Huai River, a branch of the great Yangtze River, is (110 kilometres/68 miles) in length and covers a drainage area of (2,631 square kilometres/1,016 square miles). The river was originally called Huai River, and it is said that the river was channeled to the city of Nanjing during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, so it was named Qin Huai River from then on.
City Wall of Nanjing. The City Wall of Nanjing was designed by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (1368-1398) after he founded the Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) and established Nanjing as the capital 600 years ago.
Presidential Palace. Spend a day exploring the headquarters of past emperors and the Nationalist government. The Palace includes the former offices of many top governmental officials, including Chiang Kai shek and Sun Yat sen, as well as the former residence of Sun Yat sen.
Things to do
Tangshan Regalia. Tangshan is a historical natural hot springs area in Nanjing and known as one of the popular places to enjoy great vistas of the mountain and it is surrounded by tranquil forests and lake. Regalia Resort & Spa offers private hot springs room coupled with spa treatments to follow.
Xuanwu Hu. One of Nanjing’s lakes has three islands in the middle all linked by causeways, complete with an amusement park, a small zoo, and lots of great views of the city and Purple Mountain. The picturesque nature of this lake is a nod to the high esteem held within China of Nanjing’s beauty.
Chaotiangong. For antique lovers, this place is a small market hosted next to the Confucius Palace. You can find all sorts of small and big objects there, some are antiques, others are fake. If you want to buy something, be prepared to negotiate the price. It is fun to stroll around seeing both things to sell and sellers as the environment is quite charming.